"[19], According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has an area of 1,768 square miles (4,580 km2), of which 1,576 square miles (4,080 km2) is land and 192 square miles (500 km2) (10.9%) is water.[20]. The Cazadero region is the second wettest place in California after Gasquet. The population of Santa Rosa grew from 26,583 in 1960 to 353,767 in 2015, an increase of 327,184 people. However, the Russians abandoned it in 1841 and sold the fort to John Sutter, settler and Mexican land grantee of Sacramento. "[15] This translation was first recorded in an 1850 report by General Mariano Guadalupe Vallejo to the California Legislature. This line was converted to standard-gauge in 1890 and remains (in 2018) as Sonoma County's connection to the national rail system at Schellville. pitkinense). Based on the great-circle distance (the shortest distance between two points over the surface of the Earth), the cities closest to Santa Rosa are Biñan, Cabuyao, San Pedro, Muntinlupa, Calamba, and Dasmariñas. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B03003. [citation needed]. According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Santa Rosa was: White: 67.80% Other race: 15.79% Two or more races: 6.53% Asian: 5.50% Black or African American: 2.25% Native American: 1.59% Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.53% Sonoma was one of the original counties when California became a state in 1850,[9] with its county seat originally the town (now city) of Sonoma. It is the northernmost county in the nine-county San Francisco Bay Area region. Within Sonoma County, Highway 1 follows the coastline from the Mendocino County border, at the mouth of the Gualala River, to the Marin County border, at the Estero Americano (Americano Creek), southeast of Bodega Bay. 1.21% of residents are not US citizens. The current population of Santa Rosa, Arizona is, The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at, Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.00%. Forbes Magazine ranked the Santa Rosa metropolitan area—essentially the entire county—185th out of 200, on its 2007 list of Best Places For Business And Careers. At the present, there is only a private marina with related facilities called Port Sonoma near the mouth of the Petaluma River. In 2006 the Sonoma County grape harvest amounted to over 185,000 tons, exceeding Napa County's harvest by more than 30 percent. Distinct habitat areas within the county include oak woodland, redwood forest, northern coastal scrub, grassland, marshland, oak savanna and riparian woodland. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $875 per month, and the median house value is $85,000. That section, especially where it crosses Highway 101, is severely congested during peak commute hours. The Sonoma County Water Agency has had a Fisheries Enhancement Program since 1996. Due to the varied scenery in Sonoma County and proximity to the city of San Francisco, a large number of motion pictures have been filmed using venues within the county. This itself is partly a result of the presence of high and low pressures in inland California, with persistent high summer temperatures in the Central Valley, in particular, leading to low pressures, drawing in moist air from the Pacific, cooling into damp cool breezes and fog over the cold coastal water. The United States Office of Management and Budget has designated Sonoma County as the Santa Rosa-Petaluma, CA Metropolitan Statistical Area. On the other hand, the coast, with strong marine influence, tends to have low diurnal temperature fluctuation, with summer highs much cooler than the inland towns, typically 65–75 °F, yet lows in the high 40s to low 50s F, fairly comparable to most inland towns. The portion between Sonoma and Santa Rosa was dismantled in the 1940s after interchange shifted to the former Sonoma Valley line. The California Department of Fish and Game considers the Coho salmon endangered.". The racial makeup of Sonoma County was 371,412 (76.8%) White, 7,610 (1.6%) African American, 6,489 (1.3%) Native American, 18,341 (3.8%) Asian, 1,558 (0.3%) Pacific Islander, 56,966 (11.8%) from other races, and 21,502 (4.4%) from two or more races. [55] The United States Census Bureau ranked the Santa Rosa-Petaluma, CA Metropolitan Statistical Area as the 105th most populous metropolitan statistical area of the United States as of July 1, 2012. There are five general aviation airports within the county: In 1864, the Petaluma and Haystack Railroad connected the city of Petaluma to a ferries of San Francisco Bay landing at the head of navigation on the Petaluma River. It is a unique ecological system covering more than 30,000 acres (120 km2) and comprisedof a mosaic of creeks, open water, perennial marshes, seasonal wetlands, riparian forests, oak woodlands, and grasslands... As the receiving water of a watershed where most of the county's human population lives, it is a landscape feature of critical importance to Sonoma County's water quality, flood control, and biodiversity. As of the 2010 United States Census, its population was 483,878. Conversely, the age group with the lowest population is 80 and over, with 1,279 individuals. The Sonoma County Library system offers a Central Library in downtown Santa Rosa, plus ten branch libraries and two rural stations. On December 15, 2009, the Board announced[65] the appointment of Veronica Ferguson to be the first woman County Administrator. [citation needed], Six nations have claimed Sonoma County from 1542 to the present:[citation needed], Sonoma County was severely shaken by the 1906 San Francisco earthquake. Service was extended from Sonoma to Glen Ellen in 1882. Annual Estimates of the Population of Combined Statistical Areas: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012", "Boards, Commissions, Committees & Task Forces", "Press Release: Supervisors Announce New County Administrator", "Sonoma Clean Power flips switch for first customers", "California's 5th Congressional District - Representatives & District Map", "THE HISTORY OF THE INDEPENDENT OFFICE OF LAW ENFORCEMENTREVIEW AND OUTREACH (IOLERO)", "2006 Sonoma County grape harvest statistics: Sonoma County Vintners association", "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections", "Final Results for Consolidated General Election – November 4, 2014", https://elections.cdn.sos.ca.gov/ror/ror-odd-year-2019/politicalsub.pdf, February 10, 2013 – Report of Registration, "Places in California listed alphabetically", "California Cities by Incorporation Date", https://www.census.gov/2010census/popmap/ipmtext.php?fl=3985, "The Most Viewed Photo in the History of the World", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sonoma_County,_California&oldid=989742080, Articles with dead external links from April 2020, Articles with dead external links from January 2019, Articles with permanently dead external links, Pages using infobox settlement with possible motto list, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2015, All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from January 2020, Articles containing potentially dated statements from December 2020, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2013, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2018, Articles with dead external links from July 2017, Official website different in Wikidata and Wikipedia, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.

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