), … E a mea. Personal pronouns, indefinite pronouns, relative pronouns, reciprocal or reflexive pronouns have a very important role in Romanian. doi papuci (two slippers), Multiple owners, multiple feminine objects e.g. My apples are red. un măr (an apple), One owner, one feminine object e.g. person. E a ta. In the above and below examples what matters is whether the object is feminine or … English personal pronouns are (I, you, he, she, it, we, you, they), and (me, ), ai mei (mine, plural masc. However in practice the possession can refer to more than objects; one can have children, or animals. Relative possessive pronouns are used when only wanting to replace the owner. POSSESSIVE PRONOUNS Edit Like in English, Romanian distinguishes between two types of possessive pronouns named relative and absolute. ), ai mei (mine, plural masc. ), a mea (mine fem. If you're trying to learn Romanian Pronouns you will find some useful resources including a course about Personal pronouns, indefinite pronouns, relative pronouns, reciprocal or reflexive pronouns... to help you with your Romanian grammar. Enjoy the rest of the lesson! This page contained a lot of useful information about the pronouns in Romanian. ), ale tale (yours), ale lui / ale ei (his, hers), ale noastre (ours), ale voastre (yours), ale lor (theirs). The neuter is a simple combination of masculine singular and feminine plural. It is important to note that the gender of the owner (masculine or feminine) does not make a difference: The above examples use the pair owner - object that makes it easier to learn the rules. Her brush is new. This includes subject, object, and the possessive. Examples: "my, our, their ...". Below is a list of the Personal pronouns, indefinite pronouns, relative pronouns, reciprocal or reflexive pronouns in Romanian placed in a table. o casă (a house), Multiple owners, one masculine object e.g. E al lui. There can be many combinations that can happen, one owner having one object, one owner having many objects, multiple owners having one object and several owners having several objects. Notice the structure of the Pronouns in Romanian. The above info is very helpful, but I am still a bit confused by the sample sentences Duolingo is throwing at me. Where Romanian differs from other Latin-based languages is when it comes sentence order concerning possessive pronouns, which I covered (in part) here. These enclitic definite articles are believed to have been formed, as in other Romance languages, from Latin demonstrative pronouns. It is hers - Peria ei este nouă. This includes subject, object, and the possessive. tu înveți (you learn), el învață (he In Once you're done with Romanian Pronouns, you might want to check the rest of our Romanian lessons here: Learn Romanian. In the category of personal pronouns, there are three different degrees of politeness when referring to a second or third person. One owner, one masculine object e.g. This is the possessive pronoun. ), a mea (mine fem. The above examples also use the simplification masculine objects or feminine objects, when in fact any Romanian noun can be used for that purpose. un calculator (an computer), Multiple owners, one feminine object e.g. Also don't forget to check the rest of our other lessons listed on Learn Romanian. The possessive pronoun states that someone (called owner) has something (e.g. o mașină (a car), Multiple owners, one masculine object e.g. The table below shows the generally accepted etymology Here is the pronunciation of the Romanian personal pronouns. As often noticed, Romanian has both Genitive personal pronouns and possessive adjectives, forms with pronominal meaning and adjectival agreement. you, him, her, it, us, you, them), In Romanian, the personal pronouns are: Noi… (we), voi… (you plural), ei… (they masc. eu învăț (I learn), o tabletă (a tablet), One owner, multiple masculine objects e.g. Try to concentrate on the lesson and notice the pattern that occurs each time the word changes its place. learn [plural, friendly]). Indeed, you got it right, that "lui" alone can express possession. Here are samples to demonstrate how the object pronoun is used in a sentence. două case (two houses), Multiple owners, several masculine objects e.g. the object). This question is for testing whether or not you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions. Al meu (mine masc. Memorizing this table will help you add very useful and important words to your Romanian vocabulary. Thus neuter singular nouns follow the rules of singular masculine and plural neuter nouns the ones of plural feminine.While this might sound confusing, it's actually relatively easy to apply. Indirect Let's move on to the next subject below. The links above are only a small sample of our lessons, please open the left side menu to see all links. It is his - Stiloul lui este negru. Instead of saying "It is my dog" you can say "It is mine". Possessive adjectives have always represented a theoretical difficulty through their paradoxical. learns), ea învață (she trei bomboane (three candies), Multiple owners, multiple masculine objects/beings e.g. Also I am sure at one point I got lui for his - is that possible? In the above and below examples what matters is whether the object is feminine or masculine plural or singular. They are mine - Merele mele sunt roșii. Sunt ale mele. Now we look into the subject pronoun such as "me, him, us, them ...". These are used on a daily basis, so don't skip this lesson. the object). This included the subject, object, and the possessive forms. doi măgari (two donkeys), One owner, multiple feminine objects e.g. The possessive pronoun states that someone (called owner) has something (e.g. două mașini (two cars), One owner, multiple masculine objects e.g. Examples: trei nasturi (three buttons), Multiple owners, multiple feminine objects e.g. ), ele… (they fem.). Ex: mașina mea verde (my green car) Ex: mașinile mele verzi (my green cars) I hope this answers your questions, otherwise feel free to ask. Te iubesc (I love you). We reach now the possessive adjective part, used to refer to thing we possess. Learning the Romanian Pronouns displayed below is vital to the language. The forms of the personal pronouns in the Nominative case are the following: Eu (I), Tu (you referring to only one person), El (he), Ea (she), Noi (we), Voi (you, plural), Ei (they, men), Ele (they, women). Personal pronouns in the Nominative case. This is a list of pronouns in Romanian. ), ale mele (mine, plural fem. In those cases, the same rules apply, you will just need to know the gender of the person/animal/being. Al meu (mine masc. Mi (me), te (you), le (him, her, you (formal), nouă (us), vouă (you), lor (them): Examples: These are used on a daily basis, so don't skip this lesson. un băiat (a boy), Multiple owners, one feminine object e.g. Your car is blue. doi pomi (two trees), Multiple owners, multiple feminine objects e.g. My car is broken. Don't forget to bookmark this page. doi pești (two fish), One owner, multiple feminine objects e.g. While the ‘tu’ form is extremely familiar and therefore used only when addressing family members, close friends, and children, it may be considered an insult if addressed to people who do not fall into these categories. o mașină (a car), Multiple owners, one masculine being e.g. Te iubesc (I love you). Dă-mi cartea (give me the book). doi pantofi (two shoes), One owner, multiple feminine objects e.g. learns), Dumneavoastră His pen is black. Used as an alternative to the possessive adjectives above. ‘Dumneavoastră’ is the safest – official and polite – form … We start with the object pronouns such as "I, you, her ...". The ‘dumneata’, ‘dânsul’, and ‘dânsa’ forms are appropriate when addressing coworkers, support people, and acquitances. Copyright 2015, Polymath - Language Lessons. două flori (two flowers), One owner, multiple masculine beings e.g. This is a list of pronouns in Romanian. When you want to say "My car", then you need to replace the "a/al/ai/ale" by the noun (e.g. învățați (you două bluze (two blouses). The content of this field is kept private and will not be shown publicly. An often cited peculiarity of Romanian, which it shares with Aromanian, Megleno-Romanian, and Istro-Romanian, is that, unlike all other Romance languages, the definite articles are attached to the end of the noun as enclitics (as in Bulgarian, Macedonian, Albanian, and North Germanic languages) instead of being placed in front. un televizor (a TV), Multiple owners, one feminine object e.g. Romanian nouns have three genders: masculine, feminine and neuter. (you learn [polite]), noi învățăm (we learn), voi învățați (you Romanian pronouns include personal pronouns (refer to the persons speaking, the persons spoken to, or the persons or things spoken about), indefinite pronouns, relative pronouns (connect parts of sentences) and reciprocal or reflexive pronouns (in which the object of a verb is being acted on by verb's subject). Here are samples to demonstrate how the possessive adjective is used. object pronouns are words that replace the indirect object, which is usually a For more information please check out our. El e prietenul meu. Or choose your own topic from the menu above. learn [plural, friendly]), ei învață (they learn), ele învață (they learn). Note: as with adjectives, pronouns have to match gender and number of the noun.
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