0000131399 00000 n 0000072481 00000 n 0000012445 00000 n 0000010628 00000 n 0000001928 00000 n 0000131672 00000 n trailer 0000010132 00000 n N������d�X�\�=��{S��G� A��攅�o���ƀ�A�5B�]���O������v���lE87��,�X\�W��uҡQ��h�e.q�o. Training consists of 19 lessons that combine basic phrases, words and grammar structures. 0000161474 00000 n 0000008520 00000 n 1 Outline of Romani GrammarVictor A. Friedman based on Macedonian Skopje Arli (the basis of the Macedonian standard) with reference to other dialects as relevant1 PHONOLOGY startxref 0000010406 00000 n H‰T’Ío‚@Åïüs´évÑ„�´~$ú‘j{G,I]ÈŠÿûÎÛ±mz@~(óîzù´umOEÅoòò¹£øÅ7ì;w¤É޼ˆ°»ÃŸØ�”PYRÃm/Ÿªá¹:1Å°ıiûëÀdó¹5î>U;rG¦Â&%m]»æÿ»È¤j9´õgå£bŠÒ$‘›ğTy 78 44 2008 0 obj <> endobj 1 Cojocaru Romanian Grammar 0. ®”„ÓÊğAùQ8SÎ7Ê+aί3°z×ğ²Ö¬QÓjß ú¶Úwƒ¾H ^–‘¹MlÌO ¤a­ ¥1ì‚öÿcY…%¡ù´Õ„˜ …=µÇ@H!èìÂ"À’ª%…%Cu–jR+Âsäú9g˜#GE®yrTÌa_„q3¿…ÒXNÏïÎë‹÷rÂ[Ǿ;Ç¿§pè¬Wô-À Ò ¹¸ endstream endobj 166 0 obj << /Type /Encoding /Differences [ 32 /space /exclam /quotedbl /numbersign 38 /ampersand /quotesingle /parenleft /parenright /asterisk /plus /comma /hyphen /period /slash /zero /one /two /three /four /five /six /seven /eight /nine /colon /semicolon /less /equal /greater /question 65 /A /B /C /D /E /F /G /H /I /J /K /L /M /N /O /P 82 /R /S /T /U /V /W /X /Y /Z /bracketleft 93 /bracketright 97 /a /b /c /d /e /f /g /h /i /j /k /l /m /n /o /p /q /r /s /t /u /v /w /x /y /z /braceleft /bar /braceright /asciitilde 141 /quotedblleft /quotedblright /quoteleft /quoteright 154 /dotlessi 216 /Oslash 224 /agrave /aacute 231 /ccedilla /egrave /eacute 235 /edieresis /igrave /iacute /icircumflex 242 /ograve /oacute 252 /udieresis ] >> endobj 167 0 obj << /Filter /FlateDecode /Length 336 >> stream 0000009356 00000 n Welcome to the 8th lesson about Romanian grammar. L§§ùNİ7Rr>ŞÆ ûƒm(Ë$}§Çqò7Xìå£x€ôÕô�½Àâ$?> ¯Î}c�vUÛ$­Ÿ÷Òô)»ı±ÓÍ!¨p—sâÁàè�¾±„R‰ %%EOF h�bbd```b`\"/�H=0�-������@�q�6 ��-�����=,��� Y�����t �3��>` T�� %PDF-1.4 %���� Romanian: An Essential Grammar is a concise, user-friendly guide to the language. 0000009083 00000 n 0000010256 00000 n We will first learn about prepositions, negation, questions, adverbs, and pronouns including: personal, object and possessive pronouns. aspects of Romanian grammar. x�b```f``y������� Ā B@16�@�CLx��b�l G.�l����WX߰�36аaVe�����Y�o��ζ�f7S� �� If you're trying to learn Romanian, check our courses below about adjectives, adverbs, articles, gender (feminine, masculine...), negation, nouns, numbers, phrases, plural, prepositions, pronouns, questions, verbs, vocabulary, excercises...to help you with your Romanian grammar.Below are our free Romanian lessons. The Romanian language 1. ?bu��5A��^����,�u����hڳr�:���z��IN��K�(+3&�۠��n���ߊ�6��V����}�V�W(�P�ũ�$5�`�j�%�J��aW��,�����N��7��B�YZ�>�~�|4\���!�$�Uk���Z��6:�No�N���� B�7���g5��[k The Romanian alphabet is based on the Latin alphabet, and has five additional letters (these are not diacriticals, but letters in their own right): ă, î, â, ş, and ţ. 0000004742 00000 n 0000005541 00000 n Romanian Grammar. 2017 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<54BBFC7AC2EFE8409AAF81F167A80293>]/Index[2008 77]/Length 75/Prev 1081182/Root 2009 0 R/Size 2085/Type/XRef/W[1 3 1]>>stream Academia.edu is a platform for academics to share research papers. Potential difficulties related to pronunciation and reading <<16EE9B5A6395F94E92EEBFECBFE78AEF>]>> In general, they are used to link words to other words. According to the traditional Romanian grammar, the verbs can be included in four groups (named “conjugations”), which are established by the ending of the dictionary form of the verb (the infinitive mood: a cânta = to sing). %%EOF stream 0000000016 00000 n 0000012826 00000 n Romanian articles (definite and indefinite) Romanian pronouns; Romanian verbs; Furthermore we'll add exercises for you to practice what you've learned. 0000002290 00000 n On revising this grammar in 2006, I rewrote the Verb chapter entirely to align with the introduction of eleven conjugations in place of the four that were in the old official grammar. The Romanian alphabet 1.2. If you're trying to learn the most essential topics about Romanian you will find some useful resources including a course about adjectives, adverbs, articles, gender (feminine, masculine...), negation, nouns, numbers, phrases, plural, prepositions, pronouns, questions, verbs, vocabulary, excercises...to help you with your Romanian grammar Enjoy our courses! 0000183154 00000 n 0000005026 00000 n 0000002112 00000 n 0000007208 00000 n 0000002775 00000 n 0000114248 00000 n We made using the FSI - Romanian Grammar Course material easier to use and more effective. ALPHABET AND PHONETICS 1.1. I originally wrote this grammar book in 2005, one year before the publi-cation of the latest version of the official Romanian Academy Grammar, which introduced a number of changes. 0000005617 00000 n 0000011359 00000 n .¯` „¬p¼�ˆ€‹CÖ(ƒË�ÓâšÁ&‚5N€1èî‰ûá´m¬t¯æ¦b^â}ôúê=m%l:ŸÇŞY¼ÿnp. 0000008016 00000 n The Romanian alphabet is basically phonetic (with one exception: â - used inside the words - and î - used at the beginning or the end - both represent the same sound). Romanian An Essential Grammar. 0000006754 00000 n 0000001176 00000 n ÊVW€ÖüKVÑãÜê¯Æ'efÈRˆl[%å¦a-—’´)ߤ9é}]%oö”ò7PŒsªe0%M '½l#È ¬$éL°â$™bp�(9[¬1€œ- 0000189874 00000 n %��������� 0000011715 00000 n This book is suitable for independent and classroom learners, and ideal for the beginner to intermediate student. 121 0 obj<>stream 0000008649 00000 n 0000001848 00000 n 0000006899 00000 n %PDF-1.6 %���� Other Romanian grammar highlights: In certain cases the subject can be omitted. h��X{TW��կꂢ�j(h�hhQ��C^E���CPD�T�V�C������$q$ff�L��̘is��;;�u�h�qr��;s�����N�ݜ��ު��ٳg���s����{�����!��@��]H@����\c�b5.5��Yvr~��^���N��X0@Qp��6CE�R�-�1�������w'���\G�i6�~F��������:�А��V��ۚ.�g�?�6Q���zFPs9k����m�Qk���Ս��39���g���5�7�L�~iy�K�͌N3��n=8 ]��������3��z;�K���О�ZǙ�4V��䙉7��J�,��Ƥ��@o��k��yձ�2a���.:y���x/���� :�r�?��Ɲ��%�?1n�/K�s����1�M�����_ޯ��S�b��6n��B�W� w�l�5��i�К�.�8j�+��'�g�Ɂ��H��D��r����K���C��I��,ݤѥz�y>�vK� �g�� _��؜X�v��7W��r,��O:����� ��y���%ŃR��9�O��oI'�XL���a�K��Ódz���(��~(�2��V��O�z�?��7�WPI��WnO|��*��s���a�I��CyǮ�^{�ؕL,���0��7����M���6��W���y��ୋ�����}�}dS�����M�to���w�^���ܿv|y����_������/�����7:��,���D֯z:������?��3�׏�vn���/./�>ɦ�(3�E3,�hN���es,#X�896>��#ʱ1�1�DnzU��&&�ь�`MJ5&Z�&%��IZ`9^���d��l�XQ�y9)Ś. 0000004025 00000 n xref 0000114013 00000 n We will start with prepositions.

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