The data were given as mean ± S.D. The prebiotic properties of powder samples before and after tablet compression were reported as a prebiotic index (PI) according to the method previously described by. The results were determined in triplicates to confirm reproducibility. This is the first study to develop a potential tablet from Musa sapientum Linn. These elements or some of them are food, naturally in food items, in fruits and in vegetables and in commercially available multivitamin products (Stellman J. M: 1998). As always, I had guidance from God, followed by my wonderful parents Engr. To my parents: Pastor(Engr). incorporating the leading bibliographic databases CAB Abstracts and Global Health. The antioxidant activity exhibited a correlation with the total phenolic content. All tablets were stored in a desiccator for 24 h before hardness measurement (. Furthermore, to evaluate the potential of URB, PRB, and BS from, According to the evaluation of resistant starch contents from 8 samples, as shown in. Potential of Musa sapientum Linn. Iron is a group 8B and period 4 elements and hence classified as a transition metal (Brady J.E and Hoslum J. R: 1996). In this chapter, review of heavy metals and their effects is carried out. Next, the wet mass was pressed through a 16 mesh sieve. Lead can damage nervous connections (especially in young children) and cause blood and brain disorders (Needleman H. L et al : 1990). An anatomical approach to the classification of the Musaceae. The large laminae of all the species studied are convolute in vernation. Development of Cross-Linked Carboxymethyl Modified rice Starch as Tablet Disintegrant. In total, 20 tablets were weighed (W. The hardness of tablets was measured using a digital hardness tester (TBH 100, Erweka, Langen, Germany). They enlarge only when in a state of compression. Efficacy of prebiotics, probiotics, and synbiotics in irritable bowel syndrome and chronic idiopathic constipation: systematic review and meta-analysis. The objective of this section was to investigate the effects of inhibition on two pathogenic bacteria, i.e.. Patthanakorn Jaiturong: Conceived and designed the experiments; Performed the experiments; Analyzed and interpreted the data; Wrote the paper. Optimising the heat moisture treatment of Morado banana starch by response surface analysis. The results indicated that Musa sapientum (Ripe) showed higher percentage sorption in removing metal ions from waste water than Musa cardaba (Ripe) peels. In Musa the sides of the lamina fold downward in dry weather. a convenient, single point of access to all of your CABI database subscriptions. The slope of a mound of granules was evaluated the flow properties corresponding to the angle of repose of the samples (, Approximately 50 ml of the powder sample was poured into a tared graduated cylinder and the initial volume and weight of the material was recorded. Nitric oxide inhibitory and DPPH scavenging assays were used to evaluate anti-inflammatory and antioxidant activities, respectively. image, Redistribute or republish the final article, Translate the article (private use only, not for distribution), Reuse portions or extracts from the article in other works, Distribute translations or adaptations of the article. The quality control of URBT, PRBT, BST and CBST. Enlargement of the expansion cells proceeds inward from the outer margin of the lamina, and from the apex toward the base. I am grateful to my siblings for their prayers, good humor and love made the writing process smooth, fast and fun too. The tapping cycle was set at 500 times and the final volume (Vt) was then recorded. The extreme discharge of heavy metals into the environment due to industrialization and urbanization has posed a great problem worldwide. Granules of dry powder and starch were prepared using the wet granulation method. 1. 4. Sasithorn Sirilun: Conceived and designed the experiments; Analyzed and interpreted the data; Contributed reagents, materials, analysis tools or data; Wrote the paper. The bulk density was calculated from the weight of sample and final volume of powder as following, The graduated cylinder from the bulk density test was placed on a jolting volumeter (STAV 2003, JEL, Ludwigshafen, Germany). Studies in the systematic anatomy of the Zingiberaceae. Association of Official Analytical Chemist Official Methods of Analysis. Lactobacillus is a beneficial bacteria that could inhibit pathogenic potential of other microorganisms. 2. Conclusion: This study supports the use of Musa sapientum peel in Thai Traditional Medicine for treatment of inflammatory-related diseases. Resistant starch content, in vitro digestibility and physic-chemical properties of flour and starch from Thai bananas. Heavy metals are dangerous both to the environment and human health e.g. Objective: Leaves of Musa and Canna were found to unroll in complete absence of light. It makes up about 5% of the earth’s crust; the earth’s core is believed to consist largely of an iron-nickel alloy comprising 35% of the mass of the earth as a whole. Also, various biological wastes used as adsorbents in heavy metal remediation will be discussed. Classification and measurement of nutritionally important starch fractions. Different parts of the banana plant contain carotenoids, phenolic compounds, and biogenic amines such as dopamine, serotonin, noradrenaline, tryptophan, and tyrosine, which are relevant to the pathophysiology of mental disorders. In order to obtain metallic iron, oxygen must be removed from naturally occurring ores by chemical reduction mainly of the iron ore hematite (Fe2O3) by carbon at high temperature (Brady J.E and Hoslum J. R: 1996).  (College of Natural and Applied Sciences). You can now claim your publications on CAB Direct with your ORCID iD! Weight variation was determined using the USP41/NF36 (, Friability was determined using a friabilator (PTF 20E, Pharma Test, Hainburg, Germany). Finally, 1000 mg of granules were compressed into a tablet 13 mm in diameter by using a hydraulic hand press. To implement this new concept/strategy of waste to wealth, thereby ensuring environmental sustainability. Duncan's multiple range tests were performed to analyze the significant differences in physicochemical and prebiotic properties, and p < 0.05 was considered as significant. Effects of Lactobacillus on the inhibition of, Resistant starch has been used as a major component in food supplements used to promote beneficial bacteria growth (. 2. 10. If you would like to, you can learn more about the cookies we use. By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. Then, the cylinder was held up 1 inch higher from a hard surface and dropped down on gravity force 3 times at 2 s intervals. The peak percentage sorption of metal ions by MSR peel waste are; Cd2+ (99.95%), Fe2+ (100%), Pb2+ (100%), Zn2+ (99.92%) while metal ions by MCR peel waste was; Cd2+ (99.74%), Fe2+ (99.83%), Pb2+ (100%), Zn2+ (99.60%). To determine the effectiveness of this biomass. Heavy metal pollution is one of the various problems facing mankind. CAB Direct Musa sapientum commonly known as ‘banana’ is widely used in Indian folk medicine for the treatment of diabetes mellitus. By continuing you agree to the, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2020.e05247. Nutritional implications of resistant starch. I also want to thank my incredible Supervisor, Dr. Abii who guided and supported me in this project. At this time, if the lamina is unrolled, it is found to be smoothed and flat, without the transverse ribs so characteristic of these plants. In recent times, anthropogenic sources of heavy metal i.e. The heavy metals under investigation were chosen based on their availability in the laboratory as well as their high levels in our environment. The water extract of fresh ripe peel exhibited the most potent NO inhibitory activity (IC50 = 6.68 +/- 0.34 microg/ml), but apparently exhibited no antioxidant activity. Metallic lead occurs in nature although it is very rare. We compared the amount of resistant starch and prebiotic properties of the dry powder from unpeeled raw fruit, peeled raw fruit, and starch from M. sapientum. 2011 Aug;164(7):1192-206. doi: 10.1007/s12010-011-9205-3. 11. In this era the need for safe and economical methods for the removal of heavy metals from polluted waters has necessitated research interest towards the production of low cost and efficient alternatives to removing heavy metals from waste water. Magnesium stearate was purchased from Riedel-de Haen, Seelze, Germany.

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